Female: 16+ years

Male: 18+ years

This is the final stage of athlete preparation. The emphasis should be on specialisation and performance enhancement.

All of the athletes’ physical, technical, tactical, mental, and ancillary capacities should now be fully established with the focus shifting to the optimisation of performance.

Athletes should be trained to peak for specific competitions and major events. Therefore, all aspects of training should be individualised for specific events.

There should be either double, triple or multiple periodisation, depending on the events being trained for. During this stage, training should continue to develop strength, develop core body strength and maintaining suppleness.